Any gardener will tell you that they want faster growth from their garden. To achieve a faster growth rate the hydroponics technique of aeroponics can be used. Aeroponic hydroponic systems generate a fine mist to apply the water and plant fertilizers directly at the plants roots.
Aeroponic systems are considered to generate the fastest growth rate among all the hydroponic systems available. The smaller the water droplet increases the oxygen carrying capacity of the nutrient solution due to the increase in surface area of the nutrient/fertilizer solution. As the oxygen content increases it allows the plan to grow smaller more fine root hairs which can rapidly uptake the nutrients in solution. Remember it's not over watering that kills your plant's it is lack of oxygen at the root boundary.
Aeroponic systems do have a couple of cons that may prohibit them from being your first choice of hydroponic systems. The main issue many gardeners find with aeroponics would be the small orifices of the sprayers or spray lines can clog very easily. This takes some attention to detail because you don't want a dying plant to tell you there is a problem in the system. You want to fix it before it becomes a problem. The second issue plants have with Aeroponics hydroponics systems is power outages. Typically, aeroponically produced plants are bare rooted, which means they have little to no growing media covering the roots or protecting them from droughts. Your plants have about 15 minutes in most aeroponic systems before they will begin to suffer damage due to lack of spray on the roots. Barring these two issues, Aeroponic systems have and will continue to produce significant amounts of plant material in the shortest time possible.
Anytime the oxygen level can be increased in the soil or in a hydroponic nutrient solution the growth rate will increase. This does not mean that all the environmental variables can be left to their own devices, quite the opposite. In any gardening situation indoors or out, the more environmental factors that can be controlled, the faster the plants will grow.